Abstract

Abstract

Friday, January 29, 2016

Unlikely bliss


If there is a meaning in life, there must be a meaning in suffering.
—Holocaust survivor Viktor Frankl, author of Man’s Search for Meaning

Frankl’s book, which I first read in my early thirties, made even a stronger impression when I read it again last week. I was reminded that this slender work was far more than a document of profound suffering. It was a work of philosophy—and an optimistic one. During his three years at Auschwitz and other death camps, Frankl had no way of knowing whether any of his family members had survived. He especially pined for his wife. But this did not lead to despair. Hoping fervently that she lived, he had long imaginary discussions with her.
As Frankl, a psychiatrist, recalled in his book published about fifteen years later, “I understood how a man who has nothing left in this world still may feel bliss, be it only for a brief moment, in the contemplation of his beloved. In a position of utter desolation, when man cannot express himself in positive action, when his only achievement may consist in enduring his suffering in the right way—an honorable way—in such a position man can, through loving contemplation of the image he carries of his beloved, achieve fulfillment.
“In front of me a man stumbled and those following him fell on top of him,” Frankl continued. “The guard rushed over and used his whip on them all. Thus my thoughts were interrupted for a few minutes. But soon my soul found its way back from the prisoner’s existence to another world, and I resumed talk with my loved one: I asked her questions, and she answered; she questioned me in return and I answered.”
Frankl was certainly aware that his words might be interpreted as a delusion. But if so, it was a therapeutic delusion, one that may have saved his life. Suicide in the death camps was common.
As Frankl wrote, “Love goes very far beyond the physical person of the beloved. It finds its deepest meaning in his spiritual being, his inner self. Whether or not the person is actually present, whether or not he is still alive at all, ceases somehow to be of importance.”
Frankl and other prisoners were eventually transferred by train to a work camp in Bavaria, where the conditions were not as brutal as in Auschwitz – one of many fortunate incidents that made possible his survival. Another, more subtle factor, according to Frankl, was an appreciation for beauty, both in the form of recollected poetry and the view afforded of the snow-capped Austrian Alps through their prison car.
Frankl wrote, “If someone had seen our faces ... as we beheld the mountains of Salzburg with their summits glowing in the sunset, through the little barred windows of the prison carriage, he would never have believed that those were the faces of men who had given up all hope of life and liberty.”
But a glimpse of natural beauty, however lovely, is fleeting, and for Frankl and his fellow prisoners, the key question in the Bavarian prison camp was whether, or when, to plot an escape. By this time, in the early spring of 1945, the war was winding down, but the prisoners had no idea how long it would go on. Frankl ultimately chose not to join in the uprising. It turned out to be the right decision. Within days, International Red Cross vehicles arrived with food and medicine for the emaciated prisoners.
Frankl, who died in 1997 at age ninety-two, went on to pioneer a variant of psychoanalysis called logotherapy, defined as “less retrospective and less introspective than conventional psychoanalysis.” The Greek word logos means “meaning.” In his book, Frankl commented, “Man’s search for meaning is a primary factor and not a ‘secondary rationalization’ [as Freudians might assume] of instinctual drives. This meaning is unique and specific in that it must and can be fulfilled by him alone; only then does it achieve a significance that will satisfy his own will to meaning.”


7 comments:

  1. We are major/Direct providers of Fresh Cut BG, SBLC, POF, MTN, Bonds and CDs and this financial instruments are specifically for lease and sale.We are one of the leading Financial instrument providers with offices all over Europe.
    We are major/Direct providers of Fresh Cut BG, SBLC, POF, MTN, Bonds and CDs and this financial instruments are specifically for lease and sale.We are one of the leading Financial instrument providers with offices all over Europe.
    we always deliver on time and precision as Set forth in the agreement. You are at liberty to engage our leased facilities into trade programs, project financing, Credit line enhancement, Corporate Loans (Business Start-up Loans or Business Expansion Loans), Equipment Procurement Loans (Industrial Equipment, Air crafts, Ships, etc.) as well as other financial instruments issued from AAA Rated bank such as HSBC Bank Hong Kong, HSBC Bank London, Deutsche Bank AG Frankfurt, Barclays Bank , Standard Chartered Bank and others on lease at the lowest available rates depending on the face value of the instrument needed, Our Terms and Conditions are reasonable.

    DESCRIPTION OF INSTRUMENTS:
    1. Instrument: Bank Guarantee (BG)/SBLC (Appendix A)
    2. Total Face Value: 10M MIN to 50B MAX USD or Euro
    3. Issuing Bank: HSBC, Deutsche Bank Frankfurt, UBS or any Top 25 .
    4. Age: One Year, One Day
    5. Leasing Price: 4 1%
    6. Sale Price: 32 2%
    7. Delivery by SWIFT .
    8. Payment: MT103-23
    9. Hard Copy: Bonded Courier within 7 banking days

    We are ready to close leasing with any interested client in few banking days, if interested do not hesitate to contact me direct.

    Name:May Gary
    Email:algecoglobalfinanceplc@gmail.com
    Skype::algecoglobalfinanceplc

    ReplyDelete
  2. We offer certified and verifiable bank instruments via Swift Transmission from a genuine provider capable of taking up time bound transactions.
    FOR LEASING OF BG/SBLCMINIMUM FACE VALUE OF BG/SBLC = EUR/USD 1MLEASING FEE = 6%+2%
    FOR PURCHASE OF FRESH CUT BG/SBLCPRICE = 38%+2%MINIMUM FACE VALUE OF BG/SBLC = EUR/USD 1M
    Our BG/SBLC Financing can help you get your project funded, loan financing by providing you with yearlyrenewable leased bank instruments. We work directly with issuing bank lease providers, this Instrument can be monetized on your behalf for 100% funding: For further details contact us with the below information.   
    Name;Stephen Donald
    Email;genericfinancialmanagementltd@gmail.com 
    Skype;genericfinancialmanagementl                                                                                                            

    ReplyDelete
  3. We have a direct genuine provider for BG/SBLC specifically for lease, at leasing price of 4+2 of face value, Issuance by HSBC London/Hong Kong or any other AA rated Bank in Europe, Middle East or USA.

    Contact : Mr. DARREN C CHENG
    Email:Darrencraig002@gmail.com
    Skype ID: Darrencraig002@gmail.com


    Intermediaries/Consultants/Brokers are welcome to bring their clients and are 100% protected. In complete confidence, we will work together for the benefits of all parties involved.

    All inquires to Mr. Darren should include the following minimum information so I can quickly address your needs:

    Complete contact information:
    What exactly do you need?
    How long do you need it for?
    Are you a principal borrower or a broker?

    Contact me for more details.

    Whatsapp: +19733700521

    ReplyDelete


  4. We Facilitate Bank Guarantee (BG) & Standby Letter of Credit (SBLC) Instrument Direct Mandate Provider of Fresh Cut Bank Instrument for Lease/Purchase such as BG, SBLC, MTN.

    Intermediaries/Consultants/Brokers are welcome to bring their clients and are 100% protected We are direct to a provider for BG /SBLC Issuance by HSBC London/Hong Kong or any other AA rated Bank in Europe, Middle East or USA.

    Our BG/SBLC Financing can help you get your project funded, loan financing by providing you with yearly renewable leased bank instruments. We work directly with issuing bank lease providers, this Instrument can be monetized on your behalf for 100% funding: For further details contact us with the below information.

    email:kfaiztrippleainstrument.uk@gmail.com
    Skype: d65e4bb0261e5ece

    ReplyDelete
  5. Dear Sir/Ma We are broker firm in London-UK, we have direct Provider of BG/SBLC specifically for Lease and purchase, The provider is tested and trusted. We have been dealing with the company for paste 20 years. Interested Agent/Lessee should contact us.

    Email: globalcapitalasset@gmail.com

    Skype: Kevinreyes1972@outlook.com

    WHATAPP NUMBER :+1 650 741 1097

    Regards,

    Kevin Reyes

    ReplyDelete


  6. Are you a business man or woman? Are you in a financial mess or do You need funds to start your own business? Need to pay loans Their Debt or pay off your bills or start a nice business? Do you have a low credit score and you will find it hard to get Capital loan from local banks / other financial institutions? You need one Loan or funding for any reason such as:Email: inforamzanloan@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
  7. Dear Sir,

    I am a direct Mandate to a genuinely renowned Investment Finance Company offering Cash & Asset Backed Financial Instruments on Lease and Sale at the best rates and with the most feasible procedures.

    Instruments offered can be put in all forms of trade and can be monetized or discounted for direct funding. For Inquiry contact.

    Email: longmornprojectfinances@gmail.com

    Skype: longmornprojectfinance@hotmail.com

    Whatsapp : +1(661)262-9225

    Warm Regards
    Simon Federman.

    ReplyDelete